On the Poetics and Philosophy of the “Belkin Tales”. Six Theses
Annotation. The article deals with the innovative poetics and philosophy, implemented in “The Tales of Belkin”. The following traits of the narrative cycle are being touched upon: the non-affiliation of the poetics of the Belkin Tales to any “realism,” realistic features in characterology, in the depiction of character’s speech and in narrative point of view that is available in rudimentary form only. Finally, the philosophy of fate, kairos and happiness is discussed.
Key words: indexes of realism; characterology; representation of character’s speech; perspectivism; philosophy of fate and philosophy of life.
Vladislav Sh. Krivonos
Transformations of space and the narrative transformations in Gogol’s “Viy”
Abstract. The article deals with the relationship between the transformations of the space and the narrative transformations in Gogol’s “Viy”. The role of the hero’s text, the points of view and the voices of the narrator and the characters in the narrative structure is considered. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the narrative episodes and the semantic features of the characters which change along with the change of their functions and with the transition to another space.
Key words: Gogol; narrative; episode; space; transformation
Valery I. Tiupa (Moscow)
Chekhov’s short story: genre-forming role of the identity crisis
Abstract. In the article the “short story” is considered not as a narrative text with a small volume, but as a genre’s tradition, that could have scientific description. It formed in Chekhov’s works which had an impact on the world literature. Chekhov’s mature years stories as post-novel phenomenon of literary writing are distinguished by a special narrative strategy that contaminates the strategy of the anecdote and parable. The situation of the identity crisis of main character (as bifurcation point) acquires in these works the invariant significance of the genre-forming moment.
Key words: genre tradition, short story, Chekhov, post-novel genres, narrative identity, crisis.
Nadezhda Grigorieva (Tubingen, Germany)
Chechov: between realism and decadance
Abstract. The article explores the dialogue between Anton Chekhov and decadent culture. It is argued that the ambiguity of Chekhov’s position between realism and symbolism follows from the general setting of his texts, where leading principle is uncertainty. On the example of “The Story of the Unknown Man” and “The Black Monk” author shows that Chekhov’s negative uncertainty correlates with the notion of “decay” than the decadent positive uncertainty proclaimed by the essence of things.
Key words: A.P. Chekhov; realism; decadence; symbolism; uncertainty.
Andrew A. Faustov
Some observations on the semiotics of sorrow and anxiety in the Russian culture on the eve of the 20th century
Abstract. This article explores the semiotic perspective of the functioning of such signifiers as “sorrow” and “anxiety” in the Russian literature of the late 19th – early 20th centuries. It is suggested that the “world-pain” formula itself as an equivalent of the German “Weltschmerz” formed in the Russian culture by analogy with the “civil grief” that had appeared earlier. In this regard I observe the further semantic differentiation of these two formulas and the way in which they are divided into various discourses.
Key words: semiotics, signifier, metasignifier, sorrow, anxiety, world-pain, civil grief, Weltschmerz, Russian culture
Alexander K. Zholkovsky (Santa Monica, USA)
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of translating the character’s feelings with help of various authorial strategies. The author studies possible combinations of correlation between truth and fiction in the narrative for both the hero and the reader on the example of short story «Cats or Hares?” by Yu. Trifonov.
Key words: Trifonov, short story, communication, realism. pseudo-realism, author’s games.